Like Bartók and Kodaly in Hungary, and Vaughan Williams in England, Joseph Canteloube (1879-1957) was a collector of folk songs as well as a composer. A native of the Auvergne region in central France, Canteloube is best known for his five volumes of Songs of the Auvergne, arrangements of folk songs for soprano and orchestra that were published between 1923 and 1954. Canteloube also composed original music including the opera Le mas, which was staged at the Paris Opéra in 1929. During the Occupation he worked with the Vichy Government in promoting French folk music, poor judgement on his part although possibly understandable given his genuine commitment to the traditional music of France.

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